First Aid: Nosebleed

If we experience nosebleeds, what should we do?

First we should assure the patient, especially if it’s a child, that everything will be fine. Sit him down and tell him it’s going to be okay.

His face should be looking forwards in an almost horizontal position. Why? Because if the head is tilted backwards; he might swallow the blood. And this may cause him to gag, or inhale blood. And if the head is too much lower than his heart bleeding may increase. So the best position is situating the head to look almost straightforward with a slightly leaning forward sitting position.

If you feel your nose you’ll find the bone first, from upward, then go downwards, there is cartilage. The site between the bone and the cartilage should be pressed upon from both sides towards the face. Squeeze the nose and instruct the person to breathe from his mouth. Keep pressing for five to ten minutes and ask the patient not to blow his nose forcibly for an hour after stopping bleeding.

If nosebleeds occur frequently or in large amount or if they leave you feeling weak or faint, a doctor’s consultation is needed. However, it can be normal if it happens sometimes in very hot or very cold weather, or if you’re sitting in a warmed or a conditioned room.

The patient’s dry blood can be wiped off using a wet towel. Until one hour after the bleeding stops the patient should not insert anything into the nose and should avoid blowing the nose or straining during bowel movements.

I wish you good health!

Alyaa Gad